Monday, 18 September 2017

IMPORTANT GK QUESTIONS 18/09/2017



1. Who is the founder of East India Association ?
Answer: Dadabhai Naoroji
2. Who is the father of Indian politics ?
Answer: Dadabhai Naoroji

3. Who is the father of Indian economics ?
Answer: Dadabhai Naoroji
4. Who is the father of Indian Politics ?
Answer: Dadabhai Naoroji
5. Who is the creator of Drain theory ?
Answer: Dadabhai Naoroji
6. Who is the creator of Brain Drain theory ?
Answer: Dadabhai Naoroji
7. Who is the first Indian elected to British parliament ?
Answer: Dadabhai Naoroji
8. Who coined the name Indian National Congress (INC) ?
Answer: Dadabhai Naoroji
9. Who used the word ' Swaraj ' firstly ?
Answer: Dadabhai Naoroji
10. Who is the first Indian to calculate the national Income ?
Answer: Dadabhai Naoroji
11. Who was the Second President of Indian National Congress ?
Answer: Dadabhai Naoroji
12. Who has the nick name " Grand old man of India " ?
Answer: Dadabhai Naoroji
13. Who wrote the book " Poverty and Un-British Rule in India " ?
Answer: Dadabhai Naoroji
14. What is the name of news paper started by Dadabhai Naoroji ?
Answer: Voice of India

Monday, 11 September 2017

GK notes -government schemes




Standards & Labelling Programme

 The Bureau of Energy Efficiency initiated the Standards & Labelling programme for equipment and appliances in 2006 to provide the consumer an informed choice about the energy saving and thereby the cost saving potential of the relevant marketed product.
 The equipment/appliances are given a star rating of one to five; five stars being the most energy efficient.
 The scheme is invoked for 21 equipment/appliances including 7 for which it is mandatory.
 Some of the equipment/appliances covered under this programme include frost free (no frost) refrigerators, tubular fluorescent lamps (TFLs), room air-conditioners, direct cool refrigerators, distribution transformers, induction motors, pump sets, ceiling fans, liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) stoves, electric geysers, ballasts, computers, office equipment, and colour televisions.

DBT in kerosene

 Jharkhand has become the first state in the country to implement Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) in Kerosene.  Under the DBTK Scheme, PDS kerosene is being sold at non-subsidised price, and, subsidy, as admissible, is being transferred to consumers directly into their bank accounts.
 This initiative was launched by Union Petroleum and Natural Gas Ministry on the lines of a similar DBT programme for LPG subsidy.
 It aims at rationalising subsidy based on the approach to cut subsidy leakages but not the subsidy.

National Mineral Exploration Policy (NMEP)

 The NMEP primarily aims at accelerating the exploration activity in the country through enhanced participation of the private sector.
 The policy seeks to uncover full mineral potential in order to put the nation’s mineral resources (non-fuel and non-coal) to best use and maximize sectoral contribution to the Indian economy.
 The Union Ministry of Mines will carry out auctioning of identified exploration blocks for exploration by private sector.
 It will be done on the revenue sharing basis in case their exploration leads to auctionable resources. The revenue will be borne by the successful bidder of those auctionable blocks.
 A National Geoscientific Data Repository (NGDR) will be set up to collate all
baseline and mineral exploration information generated by various central and state government agencies and maintain these on a geospatial database.  Government proposes to establish a not-for-profit autonomous institution known as the National Centre for Mineral Targeting (NCMT) in collaboration with scientific and research bodies, universities and industry for scientific and technological research to address the mineral exploration challenges in the country.

Sunday, 27 August 2017

GK notes -government schemes




Standards & Labelling Programme

 The Bureau of Energy Efficiency initiated the Standards & Labelling programme for equipment and appliances in 2006 to provide the consumer an informed choice about the energy saving and thereby the cost saving potential of the relevant marketed product.
 The equipment/appliances are given a star rating of one to five; five stars being the most energy efficient.
 The scheme is invoked for 21 equipment/appliances including 7 for which it is mandatory.
 Some of the equipment/appliances covered under this programme include frost free (no frost) refrigerators, tubular fluorescent lamps (TFLs), room air-conditioners, direct cool refrigerators, distribution transformers, induction motors, pump sets, ceiling fans, liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) stoves, electric geysers, ballasts, computers, office equipment, and colour televisions.

DBT in kerosene

 Jharkhand has become the first state in the country to implement Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) in Kerosene.  Under the DBTK Scheme, PDS kerosene is being sold at non-subsidised price, and, subsidy, as admissible, is being transferred to consumers directly into their bank accounts.
 This initiative was launched by Union Petroleum and Natural Gas Ministry on the lines of a similar DBT programme for LPG subsidy.
 It aims at rationalising subsidy based on the approach to cut subsidy leakages but not the subsidy.

National Mineral Exploration Policy (NMEP)

 The NMEP primarily aims at accelerating the exploration activity in the country through enhanced participation of the private sector.
 The policy seeks to uncover full mineral potential in order to put the nation’s mineral resources (non-fuel and non-coal) to best use and maximize sectoral contribution to the Indian economy.
 The Union Ministry of Mines will carry out auctioning of identified exploration blocks for exploration by private sector.
 It will be done on the revenue sharing basis in case their exploration leads to auctionable resources. The revenue will be borne by the successful bidder of those auctionable blocks.
 A National Geoscientific Data Repository (NGDR) will be set up to collate all
baseline and mineral exploration information generated by various central and state government agencies and maintain these on a geospatial database.  Government proposes to establish a not-for-profit autonomous institution known as the National Centre for Mineral Targeting (NCMT) in collaboration with scientific and research bodies, universities and industry for scientific and technological research to address the mineral exploration challenges in the country.

Saturday, 26 August 2017

ENGLISH QUIZ 26/08/2017



Directions (1-10): In the following passage, some of the words have been left out, each of 
which is indicated by a number. Find the suitable word from the options given against each
number and fill up the blanks with appropriate words to make the paragraph meaningfully
complete.

Economic growth figures for the first quarter of this financial year seem to support the claim that the
worst may be over for the Indian economy. The gradual revival is also an indication that the government’s
economic stimulus package is ……(1)……. What could, however, upset the positive outlook is the drought
which ……(2)…… large parts of the country and its impact on overall growth. Even though the monsoon
had picked up ……(3)……. the rains received were grossly ……(4)……. There are clear ……(5)…… that
farm output, particularly cereals, will fall drastically. Insufficient rain is bound to shoot up the ……(6)…… 
of agricultural commodities and that would impact the economy as a whole. The drought would also 
……(7)…… a drastic reduction in rural employment and consumption besides inflation in the prices of 
food articles. Food prices have been ……(8)…… since the past few months, and lower agricultural 
production is likely to ……(9)…… the situation. The government has said that food grain from the buffer
 stocks will be used to keep price ……(10) ……. Subsidized food grain is necessary in these times, but its
 effectiveness will depend a lot on the distribution system.

Q1. 
(a) impractical
(b) ambiguous
(c) failing
(d) working
(e) weakening

Q2. 
(a) strike
(b) affected
(c) exposed
(d) reverted
(e) altered

Q3. 
(a) unseasonably
(b) unfavourably
(c) presently
(d) meagerly
(e) later

Q4. 
(a) inadequate
(b) enough
(c) missing
(d) ample
(e) atrocious

Q5. 
(a)contradictions
(b) advices
(c) reasons
(d) results
(e) indications

Q6. 
(a) production
(b) requirement
(c) prices
(d) yield
(e) labour

Q7. 
(a) trigger
(b) lead
(c) result
(d) contribute
(e) dampen

Q8. 
(a) improving
(b) balanced
(c) stable
(d) increasing
(e) decreasing

Q9. 
(a) aggravate
(b) amend
(c) smoothen
(d) improve
(e) challenge

Q10. 
(a) unprofitable
(b) futile
(c) maximum
(d) growing
(e) down

Directions (11-15): Which of the phrases (a), (b), (c) and (d) given below each statement should be
 placed in the blank space provided so as to make a meaningful and grammatically correct 
sentence? If none of the sentences is appropriate, mark (e) as the answer.


Q11. Although information technology has entered the homes, offices, and hearts of many citizens
 of India __________.
(a) India provides the highest number of IT experts to the world every year.
(b) many people in rural areas still remain ignorant of its immense benefits
(c) government has done its best by funding research in this field appropriately
(d) the face of communication in the years to come would change completely from the bygone years
(e) None of these

Q12. While the environment friendly-Nuclear energy could make a large addition to the energy 
resources, ____________________.
(a) experts have a lot of expectations from this cleaner method of producing energy
(b) the government is determined to extract maximum out of this technology in the near future
(c) international lobby has been pressurizing the developing nations to shift their energy production
 from coal to nuclear power.
(d) the problem of locating adequate numbers of Uranium reserves to run the reactors is yet to be 
sorted out
(e) None of these

Q13. ____________________ experts proposed the idea of a common school system.
(a) Overlooking the fundamental right of quality education of every child in India.
(b) Since the curricular requirements of a rural child is different from an urban child
(c) Based on the fact that difference in the quality of schools acts as a ground for discrimination
(d) Since a large percentage of Indian children are getting free education
(e) None of these


Q14. ____________________, the soil today is nowhere as rich in native minerals as it used to be
 some centuries ago.
(a) As there is a growing consent among farmers regarding limiting the use of chemical fertilizers
(b) As the chemical inputs in agriculture improved the yield many folds
(c) Owing to the uninhibited use of chemical inputs in agriculture
(d) Awareness among farmers regarding the side effects of chemical farming grew when
(e) None of these

Q15. As allegations of crores of rupees changing hands to permit illegal mining began to fly thick 
and fast,
(a) government ordered an enquiry which exposed a nexus between mine operators and bureaucrats
(b) it caused great damage to the surrounding ecosystem and the environment in general
(c) the officials have been irresponsible in failing to bring it to the notice of the court in time
(d) the powerful mining lobby had bribed the officials to obtain permit for mining on ecologically 
sensitive land
(e) None of these

Tuesday, 22 August 2017

GOVERNMENT SCHEMES 22/08//2017



special economic zone (SEZ)

 SEZ is a geographical region that has economic laws different from a country’s typical economic laws.
 Usually the goal is to increase foreign investments.
 Any private/public/joint sector or state government or its agencies can set up an SEZ.
 A SEZ is a designated duty free enclave to be treated as foreign territory for the purpose of trade operations and duties and tariffs.
 Before recommending any proposals to the ministry of commerce and industry (department of commerce), the states must satisfy themselves that they are in a position to supply basic inputs like water, electricity, etc.
 Companies may be offered tax holidays, where upon establishing in a zone they are granted a period of lower taxation.
The main objectives of the SEZ Act are:
 Generation of additional economic activity.
 Promotion of exports of goods and services.
 Promotion of investment from domestic and foreign sources.
 Creation of employment opportunities.
 Development of infrastructure facilities

 Diamond Quadrilateral

 The Diamond Quadrilateral is a project of the Indian railways to establish high speed rail network in India.
 This quadrilateral will connect the four metro cities in India, i.e. Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata and Chennai.
 Six corridors identified are:
o (i) Delhi-Mumbai, (ii) Mumbai-Chennai, (iii) Chennai-Kolkata, (iv) Kolkata-
Delhi and both diagonals i.e. (v) Delhi-Chennai and (vi) Mumbai-Kolkata
routes.
 This project is similar to Golden Quadrilateral which is a roadway project which connects the four metros by Express Ways.
 The Golden Quadrilateral falls under National Highways Development Project.

 Transparency in Power Sector

 In a bid to enhance transparency in power transmission sector of the country, the government has launched the ‘TARANG’ Mobile App, ‘e-Trans’ & ‘DEEP’ e-bidding web portals.

 DigiLocker

 It is dedicated personal storage space, linked to each resident’s Aadhaar number.
 DigiLocker can be used to securely store e-documents as well as store Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) link of e-documents issued by various issuer departments.
 The e-Sign facility provided as part of DigiLocker system can be used to digitally sign e-documents.
 DigiLocker is one of the key initiatives under the Digital India Programme.
 The initiative was launched by the Department of Electronics and Information Technology, under the Ministry of Communications and IT.

Wednesday, 16 August 2017

IMPORTANT GOVERNMENT SCHEMES 16/08/2017



Unified Payments Interface (UPI)

 The National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI) launched “Unified Payments Interface (UPI)”.
 The UPI is for mobile based payment method that powers multiple bank accounts into a single mobile application.
 It facilitates ‘virtual address’ as a single payment identifier for sending and
collecting money.
 The single identifier will eliminate the need to exchange sensitive information such as bank account numbers during a financial transaction.
 UIP is an advanced version of NPCI’s Immediate Payment Service (IMPS) which is a 24X7 funds transfer service.

 Sagarmala Programme

 The Sagarmala project seeks to develop a string of ports around India’s coast.
 Promote “Port-led development” along India’s 7500 km long coastline.
 The Union Ministry of Shipping is the nodal ministry for this initiative.
 Sustainable development of the population living in the Coastal Economic Zone (CEZ).
 Improve port connectivity through rail corridors, freight-friendly expressways and inland waterways.
 Develop skills of fishermen and other coastal and island communities.
 Three pillars of development: 
o Enabling Port-led Development through appropriate policy and institutional interventions.
o Modernization and setting up of new ports.
o Evacuation to and from hinterland.
 Implementation:
o To implement this, State governments would set up State Sagarmala
committees, headed by the chief minister or the minister in charge of ports.
o At the central level, a Sagarmala Development Company (SDC) will be set
upto provide equity support to assist various special purpose vehicles (SPVs)
set up for various projects.

Interest Subvention Scheme for farmers for the year 2016-17

 Interest subvention is a form of waiver of some percentage of interest that
promotes some particular industry and general public interest.
 This could be to help the marginalized and the weaker sections of society.
 This will help farmers getting short term crop loan payable within one year up to Rs. 3 lakhs at only 4% per annum.
 The Central Government will provide interest subvention of 5 per cent per annum.
 In case farmers do not repay the short term crop loan in time they would be eligible for interest subvention of 2% as against 5% available above.

Saturday, 12 August 2017

Anniversary post 12/08/2017




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